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Cocktail Glossary

Want to mix it up like a pro? We’ve got you covered. Here is your go to guide for the most commonly used mixing terms used in our recipes and at your favourite bar.

Want to mix it up like a pro? We’ve got you covered. Here is your go to guide for the most commonly used mixing terms used in our recipes and at your favourite bar.   

Muddle: Muddling refers to mixing or squashing of ingredients into a glass using a muddler; therefore extracting the fresh flavours and often juices together. If your muddling berries you’d generally do so until you almost have a puree while fruits your aim is to simply extract some juices. For herbs, such as mint you are aiming to release the aromatics so a lighter press will suffice.

Measure: a recipe calling for you to measure is simply asking to use your jigger to measure the appropriate quantity of liquor, spirit or other ingredient to ensure you have the right rations to achieve the desired flavour.

Shake: Seems simple enough but cocktails can require different amounts of shaking, both with and without ice (Or sometimes both) to achieve just the right mix. A good guide is to shake hard for 10-15 seconds for most cocktails while a cocktail that includes egg whites should be 15-25 seconds.

If you have a cocktails that’s asking you to dry shake simply shake the egg by itself first before adding the additional ingredients. This allows the ingredients to emulsify properly in order to achieve the perfect froth.

Stir: Stirring using a barspoon is used when you simply need to chill a mixed drink or to avoid extra dilution that would happen with a shaker filled with ice.

Rim: To rim a cocktail adds an extra dimension of flavour and texture to a finished cocktail. The rim of the glass is generally rubbed with a slice or orange or lemon until moist before dipping the glass into a generally flat surface (like a saucer or side plate) that is loaded with your ingredient. Generally this would be salt, sugar or chocolate.

Build: Building is the simplest form of making a cocktail, generally they are simple cocktails such as a classic Gin and Tonic. Fill your glass with ice before adding the ingredients in order specified by the recipe. If you like a bit of a chill stir gently with a barspoon.

Layer: Layering is the art of carefully placing layers of ingredients on top of one another. To layer like a pro use an upside down tablespoon placed to touch the inside wall of your glass, just touching the top of the liquid below. Pour over the spoon very slowly. It’s important to layer in the order specified in the recipe so they heaviest liquid is also laid down first.

Virgin: Making a virgin cocktail reference making a replica of a cocktail, but without the alcohol. Great for the designated drivers who can still feel like they’ve joined the party.

Flair: The art of entertaining by throwing the spirits, shakers and even glassware. Best left to the professionals or practice with some non-breakable’s to get the hang of it.